Softskill

Posted: 20/05/2011 in Uncategorized
Adverbial clause
An Adverbial Clause is a clause that functions as an adverb. In other word, in contains a subject ( explicit ir implied ) and a predicate, and it modifies a verb.
·         I saw Joe when I went to store, ( explicit subject I )
·         He sat quietly in order to appear polite, ( implied subject he )
The job of an adverbial can be done by a single word, a phrase, or a clause:
·         So I went round later. ( Adverb )
·         So I went Round after work. ( Prepositional Phrase)
·         So I sent round after I had finished. ( Adverbial Clause )
Adverbial clauses can do most of the things that single adverbs, or pharses             ( especially prepositional phrases ) used as adverbials can. Adverbial clauses are frequent in written texts as the following short extract shows. The adverbial clauses are in bold.
When I was well again it became clear that Tsiganok occupied a very special place in the household. Grandfather didn’t shout at him so often and so angrily as he did at his sons, and when he wasn’t there he would screw up hiss eyes, shake his head, and say, ‘my Ivanka’s got hand’s of gold’.
You will notice that a common feature of adverbial clauses is that are introduced by words like when,As,If, Because. Since they introduce subordinate clauses, these are referred to as subordinating conjunctions.
Adverbial Clauses
Type of Clause
Subordinate Conjunction
Sentences
Time
a.        When
b.        While
c.        Before
d.        After
·                     I can see you When I finish my work.
·                     She was reading a book while the dinner was cooking.
·                     They will leave before you get here.
·                     After john’s employer warned him about his careless work, he more careful.
Place
a.        Where
b.        Wherever
·                     We love where the road crosses the river.
·                     Wherever possible, the illustrations are taken from literature.
Cause
a.        Because
b.       Since
c.        As
·                     He could not come because ( or since, as ) he was ill.
Condition
a.          If
b.          Unless
·                     If it rains, we won’t have the picnic.
·                     We won’t have the picnic unless the weather is good.
Contrast
a.        Although
b.       Though
·                     Although ( or Though ) I felt very tired, I tried to finish the work.
Purpose
a.        That
·                     They climbed higher that ( or so that ) they might get a better so view.
Manner
a.      As if
·                     He looks as if he needs more sleep.
·                     As though he left the room as though angry.

Kinds of adverbial clauses

kind of clause
common conjunctions
function
example
time clauses
when, before, after, since, while, as, as long as, until,till, etc. (conjunctions that answer the question “when?”); hardly, scarcely, no sooner, etc.[1]
These clauses are used to say when something happens by referring to a period of time or to another event.
Her father died when she was young.
conditional clauses
if, unless
These clauses are used to talk about a possible situation and its consequences.
If they lose weight during an illness, they soon regain it afterwards.
purpose clauses
in order to, so that, in order that
These clauses are used to indicate the purpose of an action.
They had to take some of his land so that they could extend the churchyard.
reason clauses
because, since, as, given
These clauses are used to indicate the reason for something.
I couldn’t feel anger against him because I liked him too much.
result clauses
so..that
These clauses are used to indicate the result of something.
My suitcase had become so damaged on the journey home that the lid would not stay closed.
concessive clauses
although, though, while
These clauses are used to make two statements, one of which contrasts with the other or makes it seem surprising.
I used to read a lot although I don’t get much time for books now
place clauses
where, wherever, anywhere, everywhere, etc. (conjunctions that answer the question “where?”)
These clauses are used to talk about the location or position of something.
He said he was happy where he was.
clauses of manner
as, like, the way
These clauses are used to talk about someone’s behaviour or the way something is done.
I was never allowed to do things the way I wanted to do them.
clauses of exclamation
what a(an), how, such, so
Exclamations are used to express anger, fear, shock, surprise etc. They always take an exclamation mark (!).
What horrible news! How fast she types! You lucky man!
Sumber : wikipedia, google, dan seri diktat kuliah Bahasa Inggris 2 Universitas Gunadarma.
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